The Facts About the Morning After Pill

About the pill

The morning after pill is a form of emergency birth control measure to be taken within 72 hours of having unprotected sex to avoid pregnancy. These pills are generally regarded as one of the safest modes to stop pregnancy. Hence, it is very essential for you to be aware of the facts about morning after pills.

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Ingredients found in the pill:

The Facts About the Morning After Pill

The active components in the morning after pills are similar to those found in a birth control pill. Some morning after pills contain a hormone known as the levonorgestrel whereas, others contain two hormones, namely estrogen and progesterone. Progesterone prevents the sperm from reaching the egg (implantation), thereby stops pregnancy. Estrogen on the other hand, intercepts the ovaries from releasing eggs (ovulation), thus stops pregnancy.

How does a morning after pill work?

The emergency contraceptive morning after pill has three modes of action and it functions similar to a birth control pill. Its course of action is divided into three steps:

1. It limits the range of ovulation process, i.e. it prevents the ovaries from releasing an egg, which in turn prevents the fertilization process and pregnancy.

2. The morning after pill also alters the normal functioning of the menstrual cycle, thereby delaying the ovulation process and stops pregnancy.

3. It irritates the lining of the uterus (endometrium) and thereby, stops the implantation of the egg in the uterus.

Mode of action of the morning after pill:

The mode of action of the morning after pills depends mainly on the time of consumption

If you take the pill within 24 hours after having an unprotected sex, it will act at a faster rate and will be 98 - 99% effective in preventing implantation of the egg in the uterus (thus terminating pregnancy).

When taken between 24 and 48 hours, it will have a lesser success rate, will be effective about 71% of the time, and will prevent the implantation of the egg in the uterus (terminating pregnancy).

If you consume the morning after pills between 48 and 72 hours after having an unprotected sex, it will be comparatively less effective with a lesser success rate.

Morning after pill availability:

It is readily available and you can easily buy morning after pill from a local pharmacy shop (chemist). It can be obtained without prescription and is generally available for women and girls of 17 ages and older.

The Facts About the Morning After Pill

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19th Century Abortions

History shows that abortion has always been a controversial issue. Though it has been practiced for centuries, it has never been universally accepted as an appropriate option for dealing with an unwanted pregnancy. Most people are opposed to it for moral reasons, and this opposition has always been widespread and not been limited to particular religions or time periods in history. Abortion in the 19th century was no exception, and Christian women, Native Americans, and women from all classes of society relied on termination to relieve themselves of unwanted pregnancies. Though many of these cases were kept secret and some of the details are sketchy, there are some clear facts regarding the matter.

What methods were used? Women seeking abortions in the 1800s had several options: herbs/plants, surgery, poison, even mail-order pills. For women living on the East Coast in a more urban setting, abortions were much easier to obtain. Accessing poison and pills could be as easy a simple trip to the pharmacy. Surgery was a bit more difficult, due in part to the dangers it posed. Any surgical procedure during this time period was fraught with risk as medicines, anesthesia, and even the skill levels of most physicians were rudimentary. In rural America and among Native Americans, herbal methods were often used. Plants such as snakeroot, cohosh, tansy, or Seneca were commonly relied upon to terminate a pregnancy. In some cases, women opted for seemingly bizarre methods that held no scientific proof that an abortion would be successful. Rubbing gun powder on the breasts, drinking tea made with rusty nails, or soaking in hot baths were all tried. Clearly, there were plenty of options for terminating an unwanted pregnancy; some were successful, some were not, and some were just downright crazy.

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19th Century Abortions

How did 19th century society view abortion? For the first half of the 19th century, abortion was legal and was in fact openly advertised as an alternative to carrying an unwanted child. It wasn't until the latter half of the century that people began to view the practice differently. Up until this time, midwives and other women had typically been involved in this part of female life - both childbirth and abortion. But the mostly male physicians of the mid-1800s began to feel threatened by this and wanted to monopolize all medical practices. They launched a campaign to criminalize abortion on the grounds that it was immoral and dangerous, and should only be performed by licensed physicians for special cases. Laws were passed making abortion illegal after "quickening," or when the woman first felt the movement of her unborn child. Once quickening started, the fetus became a person with a right to life. However, because there was no way of determining precisely when a woman first felt movement, these were difficult laws to enforce. Abortions became even more regulated, and it was increasingly difficult for a woman to obtain one.

Native Americans during this time period also had a strong feeling toward abortion. Though many women practiced it, some tribal leaders were very opposed to termination. Handsome Lake of the Seneca was one who voiced a very strong opposition. A prominent religious leader among the Seneca during the early 19th century, Handsome Lake was a prophet who schooled his people in the evils of alcohol and encouraged confession of sins. His religious ideas included a mixture of traditional Native American beliefs and the recently introduced Christian beliefs of his white neighbors. His teachings, known as The Code of Handsome Lake, include specific information regarding abortion. He was vehemently opposed to the practice; when he received his visions from the Creator, Handsome Lake was told that his people must abandon the practice of abortion.

19th Century Abortions

If you're interested in learning more about Handsome Lake and his teachings, simply log onto to The fascinating documentary "Visions: True Stories of the Supernatural" delves further into The Code of Handsome Lake and the mystery that surrounds it.

Michael Keene is the award-winning producer of several independent historical documentaries including Visions: True Stories of the Supernatural.

Grandma Was Right - Apple Cider Vinegar Clears Acne

When you think of apple cider vinegar, you do not usually think of acne! However, many acne sufferers have found that apple cider vinegar is actually a really good natural, home treatment for their problem and there are a number of reasons for this.

Why Apple Cider Vinegar is good for Acne

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Apple cider vinegar is known to improve the function of your liver, kidneys and bladder and that in turn helps to keep the body detoxified. When you think that acne is a problem which is often caused by the toxins within the body and the pores becoming blocked, it is not hard to see why apple cider vinegar might be able to help.

Grandma Was Right - Apple Cider Vinegar Clears Acne

Apple cider vinegar is also packed full of vitamins which help to keep the body healthy and this is another reason why it is so good for you. So just how do you take apple cider vinegar?

How to Take Apple Cider Vinegar

There are a number of ways in which you can take apple cider vinegar and the main one is to drink it. Now it can be fairly nasty if you drink it on its own so many people prefer to mix it with a drink. Mixing it with honey and green tea which is also excellent for acne problems, you should start by drinking it once per day.

Some people swear by drinking three lots of apple cider vinegar every day and applying it directly to the acne once per day. This is obviously a lot of hassle but the people who have tried it have said how well it actually works. The apple cider vinegar which is applied directly to the problem is said to dry up the pimples and they start to disappear over a short period of time. However, drinking the apple cider vinegar alone is the best option as it works perfectly fine in its own time without you needing to apply it directly onto the skin.

The trouble also with applying apple cider vinegar directly to the face, is that it could easily dry it out and leave you with dry skin as well as acne. So always stick to drinking the vinegar and you should really start to notice changes in your skin within three weeks.

Organic Versus Ordinary Apple Cider Vinegar

When it comes to purchasing apple cider vinegar, it would be a good idea to purchase organic over ordinary. This is because whilst it may be more expensive, organic apple cider vinegar is a lot better for the skin as it contains only natural ingredients. Ordinary apple cider vinegar on the other hand, contains quite a lot of chemicals which can harm the skin.

Obviously you do not want to risk harming the skin, as that could in turn inflame your acne problem. So sticking to organic would be simpler all around.

Overall apple cider vinegar is an excellent natural treatment for acne, though not many people have heard of it. Simply add a tablespoon of the vinegar into your morning and evening routine and you should start to notice results within three weeks.

Grandma Was Right - Apple Cider Vinegar Clears Acne

Using apple cider vinegar is just one of many ways you can get rid of acne. To get more tips on what really works go to my get rid of acne blog where you'll get all kinds of free advice for getting rid acne.

Problems With IUDs

What makes the intrauterine device (IUD) a convenient contraceptive? Aside from being highly effective when used properly, this device does not interrupt intercourse and has long-lasting contraceptive effects.

"For the woman who can use an IUD, the advantages are great because she does not have to worry about contraception each day. The effectiveness rate is high, with only about a five percent chance of pregnancy," according to the editors of Consumer Guide's "Family Health & Medical Guide."

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But things can go wrong for several reasons. If the IUD is not inserted correctly, pregnancy can occur. And the bad part is that IUD users who become pregnant are likely to miscarry. Pregnancy among IUD users also increases the chances of infection, premature delivery and stillbirth.

Problems With IUDs

To avoid this, the IUD comes with a small string which the wearer can use to make sure the device is in place. The string also helps the physician in removing the device. Some women can't tolerate the IUD and it may be expelled during menstruation. Although many women can feel this happening, others may not. This can create problems later.

"To reduce the already small risk of getting pregnant with an IUD, make sure that whoever inserts it has experience performing the procedure and check regularly to be sure the lUD's string 'tail' is dangling into the vaginal canal. Between 2 percent and 20 percent of lUDs are expelled in the first year, sometimes without any pain. Any time you can't locate the string or have prolonged cramping, heavy bleeding, pain or fever, you should consult your doctor immediately," warned Deborah Franklin in Health magazine.

There are other reasons why women can't use the IUD even if it is inserted properly. For one, the very act of insertion can be a painful experience. This is true for women who have never had children and wish to use this contraceptive method. This was revealed by Dr. Raphael Jewelewicz, associate clinical professor of psychiatry, in "The Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons Complete Home Medical Guide."

"Sometimes a doctor or family planning specialist will inject a painkiller into the cervix just before insertion. Pain may persist for 24 to 48 hours afterward and there may be a slight blood flow after insertion. The first period following insertion may be particularly heavy," he said.

"Severe menstrual cramps and increased menstrual bleeding may follow the insertion of an IUD. Sometimes these side effects lessen after a month or two. In other cases, severe cramps and prolonged bleeding continue and the physician may advise removal of the IUD," added the editors of Consumer Guide's "Family Health & Medical Guide."

The worst that can happen to IUD users are pelvic infect¬ions that can lead to sterility and ectopic pregnancy. The latter is a life-threatening condition where the fertilized egg implants itself in the Fallopian tube rather than the uterus. Because IUDs may make aggravate sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), women who have an active pelvic infection or a history of pelvic inflammatory disease should avoid this device and switch to other birth control methods instead. (Tomorrow: Natural family planning methods)

Problems With IUDs

Sharon Bell is an avid health and fitness enthusiast and published author. Many of her insightful articles can be found at the premier online news magazine []

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