Advantages and Disadvantages of DMPA Injectable Contraceptives

Of all the scientific advancements, effective contraception is arguably the one that has been eminent in making women equal partners in society. It has also given men and women unprecedented control over such major life considerations as when and how families are created and reared.

One of the most successful means of contraception is the injectable contraceptive. This method of birth control involves synthetic hormones that are administered by a deep intra-muscular injection. These injections are considered to be a secure technique of reversible contraception for most women. There is availability of two types of injectable contraceptives. These are progestin-only contraceptives and combined contraceptives that contain both progestin and estrogen hormones. The progestin-only injections contain DMPA, which stands for depot medroxyprogesterone acetate. The administered dosage is 150 mg IM every three months. The injection should be given within the first five days of the onset of menses. If given beyond this time, it is advisable to use an alternate birth control method for two to four weeks.

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The DMPA contraceptives prevent pregnancy by inhibiting the process of ovulation, which signifies the release of the eggs by the ovaries. They also thicken the cervical mucus, thus making it difficult for the sperms to pass through. This process also decreases the motility of the fallopian tubes. If found satisfactory, these injections can be used by women throughout their reproductive years. However, this method is recommended for females above the age of 16 because of the theoretical concern about its repercussion on bone density.

Advantages and Disadvantages of DMPA Injectable Contraceptives

Similar to any other technique of birth control, the DMPA contraceptives also have their advantages and disadvantages. First, a look at the advantages. This method is hassle free and effective. It has been used by over 90 million women and is reported to be as effective as sterilization. One injection can prevent pregnancy for 3 months. Secondly, it offers no hindrance to normal sexual life and can be made use of at any stage. Thirdly, it is extremely safe and can be even used by nursing mothers as early as six weeks after childbirth. Also, there is probably no increase in congenital abnormalities when contraception failure occurs. Fourthly, there are no side effects related to estrogen, which involve the risk of heart attack. Fifthly, it shields the body from ovarian and endometrial cancer and uterine fibroids. Lastly, it is reversible and one can plan a family after a gap of three to six months on stopping the usage.

The disadvantages include alteration in menstrual bleeding, which implies light spotting or heavy bleeding in the beginning. Amenorrhea is a normal effect especially after the first year of use. These injections may result in a few extra pounds as well. The weight gain could be to the proportion of 2 to 4 lbs. each year. However, diet restrictions could be helpful in such cases. There could be symptoms of headache, breast tenderness, moodiness, nausea, hair loss, less sex drive or acne in some women. One of the biggest disadvantages is that this method does not safeguard from sexually transmitted diseases including HIV and AIDS.

All techniques of contraception have side effects. One just has to weigh the pros and cons and make the best choice suitable to ensure a carefree living.

Advantages and Disadvantages of DMPA Injectable Contraceptives

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Pros and Cons of Morning After Pills

The use of morning after pill has both advantages and disadvantages associated with it. Here are a few pros and cons you need to be aware of:


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1. It can be your last resort to avoid unwanted pregnancy.

Pros and Cons of Morning After Pills

2. If you are 17 years of age or over, you don't need a prescription to buy morning after pills. You can have it soon after having an unprotected sex.

3. By consuming these pills, you can avoid unnecessary stress and tension about an unwanted pregnancy.

4. Even if the pills fail to prevent pregnancy, they will not cause any harm to the baby.

5. These pills won't affect your chances of getting pregnant in the future. Your fertility remains the same and returns with your next period.

6. Studies have shown that morning after pills effectively lower the risk of endometrial and ovarian cancer.


1. They can cause certain side effects. Some common morning after pills side effects are nausea, vomiting, dizziness, diarrhea, abdominal pain, headache, irregular bleeding and breast tenderness.

2. Morning after pills can also cause some serious side effects such as liver disorders, gallbladder disease, high blood pressure and blood clots in the heart, intestines and lungs.

3. They can cause serious health complications in women suffering from diabetes, heart diseases and migraine.

4. They can also have adverse effects in women, who are over 35 years of age and have cardiovascular disorders, deep vein thrombosis, liver problems and breast cancer.

5. The use of morning after pill raises the risk of an ectopic pregnancy. In such a pregnancy, the embryo gets lodged in the fallopian tubes rather than the womb. If you are using morning after pills, the pregnancy can remain undetected. This is because the symptoms of ectopic pregnancy are similar to the side effects of the pills: nausea and abdominal pain. If remain undetected for a long time, it can prove to be fatal.

6. Other than these side effects, the body may have an allergic reaction to the drug, causing an outbreak of rash and breathing problems.

7. Apart from physical side effects to the body, the emergency contraceptive pills can also have a wider social impact. The easy over-the-counter access to the emergency contraceptive pill raises questions about its misuse. Many people are of the view that it may lead to an increase in promiscuity, Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) and increased sexual violence against women.

Though the use of morning after pill becomes essential to avoid pregnancy after an unprotected sex, its usage must be avoided on regular basis.

Pros and Cons of Morning After Pills

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Side Effects of Getting Off Birth Control

There are many side effects of getting off birth control. The main reason is because most types mess with your hormone levels with the goal of preventing ovulation/menstruation(you usually get a week of placebos so you can have a period).

Hormones are powerful stuff....and when you use these contraceptives for a while...your body gets adjusted to it. So when you decide to get off birth control a lot of side effects spring up.

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Menstruation Changes - taking the pill/using a patch changes your menstruation cycle...your period can stop altogether, they can become further apart or they can occur more often. Once you get off birth control, your body will slowly revert to your past cycle. Note: In a number of women, the period doesn't occur again for a few month.

Side Effects of Getting Off Birth Control

Mood Changes - the culprit is once again hormones...when you get off birth control you can get more irritable and moody. It's important to make your partner aware of this, since this side effect may cause relationship problems.

Libido Changes - in a number of women, getting off birth control means the loss of libido. This may last a few weeks or a few months until your body gets back to normal.

Weight Changes - this is one of the worst side effects of getting off birth control, and unfortunately it's very common in many women. the reason this is so bad, is because you can gain as much as 30-40 pounds in a very short period. And if you think there is nothing to worry about because you diet and exercise...think again. Yes these can help you fight some of the weight gain...but not all of it. If you continue with your current exercise/diet, you'll still gain 15-25 pounds while your body is coming off birth control and getting back to normal.

If you want to avoid gaining weight after getting off birth control, you'll need to start a more effective weight loss program. Forget all those diets and programs that use a one size fits all solution...they barely work in normal situations...let alone for someone like you, who'll be going through accelerated weight gain.If you really want to lose weight/stay in your current are going to need to start a custom weight loss plan. These plans are designed for your specific height/ you end up getting much better results with less effort. Essentially each plan safely gets you the best possible results that your body is capable of...which will help you stay in shape while your body adjusts back to normal.

There are many side effects of getting off birth control, but weight gain is the biggest problem...if you don't nip it in the may eventually end up like some of these 200-300 pound women.

Side Effects of Getting Off Birth Control

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